Geoinformation for Disaster and Risk Management - Examples and Best Practices

This booklet published on July 2nd 2010 by the Joint Board of Geospatial Information Societies (JBGIS) and the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) outlines the potential uses of geo-information technologies to reduce the impact of natural or manmade disasters and risks. “Geoinformation for Disaster and Risk Management - Best Practices and Examples” brings together concise scientific contributions from experts around the world and creates a decision support forum based on their knowledge. The articles in the booklet cover natural disasters like earthquake, flood, volcano outbreak, tsunami, landslide, dust storm and wildfire, as well as societal issues like health care, refugee camps, urban sprawl and traffic infrastructure security. Case related regional studies are complemented by presentations of global information systems.

Through the ground-breaking publication, UNOOSA aims to raise awareness among Governments, disaster management professionals and other decision-makers of the potential uses of geoinformation technologies to reduce the impact of natural disasters and support decision-making in all phases of disaster management, prevention and mitigation as well as immediate response and recovery.

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Table of Contents

Preface by Margareta Wahlstroem, Special Representative of the Secretary General for Disaster Risk Reduction, Page iii
Preface by Joint Board of Geospatial Information Societies (JB GIS), Page v

Introduction: Orhan Altan, Robert Backhaus, Piero Boccardo, Sisi Zlatanova, Page vii - x

Chapter 1: Tom De Groeve, Thomas Peter, Alessandro Annunziato, Luca Vernaccini. Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System. Page 1 - 6

Chapter 2: Andrea Ajmar, Fabio Giulio Tonolo, Francesca Perez. Flood Mapping in Support of Humanitarian Organizations. Page 7 - 12

Chapter 3: Dieter Oertel, Eckehard Lorenz, Winfried Halle. Detection and Monitoring of Wildfires by a Constellation of Small Satellites with Infrared Sensor Systems. Page 13 - 17

Chapter 4: Shirish Ravan. Spatial Data to Complement the Use of Space-based Information for Disaster Management. Page 19 - 23

Chapter 5: Richard A Kidd, Ian McCallum, M. Yakob Ishadamy. The Benefit of High Resolution Aerial Imagery for Topographic Mapping and Disaster Recovery: Lessons Learnt from the 2004 Indonesian Tsunami. Page 25 - 30

Chapter 6: Andrea Ajmar, Piero Boccardo, Fabio Giulio Tonolo, Carlos Veloso. Earthquake Damage Assessment Using Remote Sensing Imagery. The Haiti Case Study. Page 31 - 37

Chapter 7: Suju Li, Yida Fan, Siquan Yang, Lei Wang. Space Technology Application for Wenchuan Earthquake Relief. Page 39 - 44

Chapter 8: Stanley A. Morain, Amelia M. Budge. Suggested Practices for Forecasting Dust Storms and Intervening Their Health Effects. Page 45 - 50

Chapter 9: Olaf Kranz, Gunter Zeug, Dirk Tiede, Stephen Clandillon, Denis Bruckert, Thomas Kemper, Stefan Lang, Mathilde Caspard. Monitoring Refugee/IDP Camps to Support International Relief Action. Page 51 - 56

Chapter 10: Norman Kerle, Olaf Neussner. Local Flood Early Warning Based on Low-Tech Geoinformatics Approaches and Community Involvement. A Solution For Rural Areas in The Philippines. Page 57 - 62

Chapter 11: Jessica Glabsch, Otto Heunecke, Stefan Schuhbäck. Development and Testing of a Low Cost Sensor PDGNSS Landslide Monitoring System using the Example of the Aggenalm Landslide in the Bavarian Alps. Page 63 - 70

Chapter 12: Klaus Chmelina. Tunnel Monitoring and Alarming Controlled by a Project Information System. Page 71 - 75

Chapter 13: Claudia Spinetti, Laura Colini, Maria Buongiorno, Chiara Cardaci, Grazia Ciminelli, Stefano Corradini, Francesco Guglielmino, Massimo Musacchio, Gaetano Pace, Daniele Pellegrino, Sergio Perelli, Luca Pietranera, Giuseppe Puglisi, Pierluigi Soddu. Volcanic Risk Management: the Case of Mt. Etna 2006 Eruption. Page 77 - 81

Chapter 14: Wietske Bijker, Egbert Jongsma, Richard A. Kidd. Audit of Indian Ocean Tsunami Aid in Aceh with Geo-information. Page 83 - 87

Chapter 15: Eike Marie Nolte, Beverley J. Adams, Friedemann Wenzel. Population Estimation for Megacities: Solving Disaster Management Challenges
Using Remote Sensing, Web-GIS and Advanced Technologies.
Page 89 - 94

Chapter 16: Mark Cygan, Tom Patterson. GIS for Emergency Management. Page 95 - 98

References to all chapters Page 99 - 102

UN-SPIDER: Robert Backhaus, Lorant Czaran, Natalie Epler, Michael Leitgab, Young Suc Lyu, Shirish Ravan, David Stevens, Peter Stumpf, Joerg Szarzynski, Juan-Carlos Villagran de Leon. Support from Space: The United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response (UN-SPIDER). Page 103 - 113

Joint Board of Geospatial Information Societies (JB GIS)
Global Spatial Data Infrastructure Association (GSDI). Page 115 - 118
International Association of Geodesy (IAG). Page 119 - 122
International Cartographic Association (ICA). Page 123 - 126
International Federation of Surveyors (FIG). Page 127 - 130
International Map Trade Association (IMTA). Page 131 - 134
International Society for Photogrammetry (ISPRS). Page 135 - 138

WFP's Emergency Preparedness and Response Branch. Page 140 - 141
The Compagnia di San Paolo. Page 142 - 142